Types of Maps


The field of geography relies on many different types of maps in order to study the features of the earth. Some maps are so common that a child would recognize them, while others are used only by professionals in specialized fields. 


Simply defined, maps are pictures of the Earth's surface. General reference maps document landforms, national boundaries, bodies of water, the locations of cities and so on.

Thematic maps, on the other hand, display specific data, such as the average rainfall distribution for an area or the distribution of a certain disease throughout a county.

With the increased use of GIS, also known as Geographic Information Systems, thematic maps are growing in importance and becoming more readily available. Likewise, the digital revolution of the 21st century has seen a major shift from paper to electronic maps with the advent of mobile technology.


Directions: Follow this Webquest and research and explain different types of maps. When you are finished answer the questions to complete the activity. 

Go to "Fundamentals of Mapping" http://www.icsm.gov.au/mapping/maps_thematic.html

Explain each of the following types of maps

1-General reference maps

2-Thematic maps

3-Topographic maps

4-Navigational charts

Go here (World Atlas)  http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/political.htm and explain

5-Political maps

6-Physical maps

For an additional resource go here (Thoughtco) https://www.thoughtco.com/types-of-maps-1435689 to see examples of different maps.

Conclusion quetsions

A- Which type of map would help me get to an airport safely?

B- Which type of map would help me understand how much gold is in a specific area?

C- Which type of map would tell me what the capital of a country or state is?

D-Which type of map would explain where a one country ends and another begins?

E-Which type of map would tell me where I need to go in the event of a flood so I don't get wet or drown because of the rise of the water inland.