May the Forces Be With You

This WebQuest is designed for sixth-seventh grade students willing to explore the scientific topics of forces. Students will be fully engaged in books, videos, and experiments.

 

Welcome students! I have just received an  message from 6 Flags that YOU, yes, YOU have been chosen to participate in a interactive study to help create a new ride at the park. In this study you will use the information you know and the information you gain to help create a ride that bends the laws of forces.

Image result for Roller Coasters

 

Before we get right into it the engineers of 6 flags wants you to watch this short video to help understand the forces you will be working with when creating a ride.

Go to https://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/forces/

>Watch the video.

>Define the words from the video: Vocabulary

1. Acceleration

2. Velocity (speed)

3. Force

4. Newtons (N)

5. Isaac Newton

6. Laws of Motion

7. Friction

8. Gravity

For this WebQuest, the 6 Flags engineers want YOU to complete the following tasks over the next 5 days (STOPS). 

  1. You will read about the forces and explain each
  2. You will discover the forces surrounded around amusement parks
  3. You will discover the forces of a roller coaster
  4. Discover the forces of bumper cars   
  5. Create your own roller coaster

By the end of the WebQuest, you will be able to understand, identify, and describe the forces. You will be able to teach the process and provide examples of the different types of forces to other classmates, your parents or guardians, and your friends. You will also be able to define the forces and recall examples of each to your friends and family. You will be able to define all vocabulary as well. You will be able to recall the ways forces affect the Earth’s surface. You will be able to draw conclusions based on your experiment and apply it to real life. By the end of the WebQuest, you will be able to understand, identify, and describe the process of each force  gravitational force,  centripetal force, acceleration, and friction.

Image result for 6 flags

 

 

STOP #1: THE FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF FORCES

**Read through each explanation of the 4 types of forces and complete the chart below

 

TYPE OF FORCE

DEFINITION

EXAMPLE

PICTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Go to http://science.howstuffworks.com/friction-info.htm

                 1. Why is friction between moving parts of machines undesirable?

                 2. What do we do to reduce that friction?

 

Go to http://www.fitnessforlife.org/middleschool/ms-chapter-3/topic-38-friction

                 3. Why do swimmers wear caps?

Go to the bobsledding activity.

                  4. Do the entire bobsledding activity. What track material had the least amount of friction? Which had the most?

Go to the ‘What’s Next?’ button on the bottom right of the screen. Click on the ‘Forces In Action’ button, at the bottom.

5. Do the activity and fill in the table online. Use your table on the website to fill in the table below.

Slope 1

No Weight

Small Weight

Big Weight

No Parachute

Small Parachute

Big Parachute

 

STOP #2: DISCOVER ALL THE FORCES SURROUNDING AMUSEMENT PARKS

 

  1. Compare and Contrast Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy by completing a VENN diagram. Make sure to use examples.

 

Go to https://www.sixflags.com/newengland/attractions/typhoon

  1. Centripetal Force

(A) Read the explanation about a ride called ‘The Typhoon’. Remember a ride you have been on that is similar to ‘The Typhoon’ and describe/explain the forces you felt when you were on this ride.

 

 

STOP #3:  DISCOVER THE FORCES OF ROLLER COASTERS

Read: http://www.explainthatstuff.com/rollercoasters.html

Go to http://www.funderstanding.com/educators/coaster/

**Wait for the Roller Coaster to load.  Use the controls to change the different variables on the coaster.  Manipulate each of the controls and then answer the following questions:

 

Part A:

  1. What happens when you increase the size of Hill #1?  Develop an explanation as to why this happened.
  2. What happens when you increase the size of Hill #2?  Develop an explanation as to why this happened.
  3. What happens when you increase the size of the loop?  Develop an explanation as to why this happened.
  4. What increase when you increase the speed of the coaster?  Develop an explanation as to why this happened.
  5. Change the mass of the coaster.  What happens when you increase the mass?

What happens when you decrease the mass?  Develop an explanation as to      why this happened.

  1. Increase and decrease the force of Gravity.  What happens when you decrease it?  What happens when you increase it?
  2. Increase and decrease the force of Friction.  What happens when you decrease it?  What happens when you increase it?

 

Part B:

 

**Change the settings so that you have a roller coaster that runs properly.  

 

1.     What are the relationships between all of the variables that allow your coaster

to make it to the end of the track without falling off or coming to a stop?  You can write this in words OR draw a diagram of the control panel with the positions that worked.

 

 

STOP #4:  DISCOVER THE FORCES OF BUMPER CARS

Go to https://www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/bumpercars/collision1.htmlhttps://www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/bumpercars/collision1.html

 

  1. Write the Law of Acceleration. Identify which of Newton’s Laws this is.
  2. Write the Law of Interaction. Identify which of Newton’s Laws this is.

*Then click “BEGIN”—Read each scenario before you decide on what the outcome will be.

Collision 1: One Car at Rest

When you have selected the correct outcome, draw the collision and the result

 

 Collision 2: Glancing Collision

When you have selected the correct outcome draw the collision and the result

 

 Collision 3: Equal Masses

When you have selected the correct outcome draw the collision and the result

 

 STOP #5: CREATE YOUR OWN ROLLER COASTER

Go to http://dep.disney.go.com/sodi_app/

Using the link provided and the information gained in this webquest I want you to make a roller coaster.

As a final product I want you to create a roller coaster that could be used for 6flags next year. I want the creation to be to proper scale and correct calculations.

 

Multimedia Project : May the Forces Be With You

Teacher Name: David Wilcox

Student Name: ________________________________________

 

 

CATEGORY

4

3

2

1

Content

Covers topic in-depth with details and examples. Subject knowledge is excellent.

Includes essential knowledge about the topic. Subject knowledge appears to be good.

Includes essential information about the topic but there are 1-2 factual errors.

Content is minimal OR there are several factual errors.

Organization

Content is well organized using headings or bulleted lists to group related material.

Uses headings or bulleted lists to organize, but the overall organization of topics appears flawed.

Content is logically organized for the most part.

There was no clear or logical organizational structure, just lots of facts.

Sources

Source information collected for all graphics, facts and quotes. All documented in desired format.

Source information collected for all graphics, facts and quotes. Most documented in desired format.

Source information collected for graphics, facts and quotes, but not documented in desired format.

Very little or no source information was collected.

Originality

Product shows a large amount of original thought. Ideas are creative and inventive.

Product shows some original thought. Work shows new ideas and insights.

Uses other people\'s ideas (giving them credit), but there is little evidence of original thinking.

Uses other people\'s ideas, but does not give them credit.

 

Image result for Roller Coasters end

Congratulations!!

You have completed all the stops the 6 Flags engineers asked of you and they are beyond impressed with what they have found. You have proven yourself successful through the completion of this unit. Thank you for being so professional during this WebQuest, it has not gone unnoticed. Remember to keep in mind each of the forces are not only important parts to an amusement park but also the world. As a final presentation, I would ask for you to prepare a 5 min presentation on the roller coaster you have designed. As a result of your professionalism and effort the engineers of 6 Flags has asked our class to come to the park to see behind the scenes stuff on how each coaster works. Finally, I ask that you click on the link below and fill out the survey about the WebQuest, this is for me and only me, so it is ok to write what you please.

 

http://questgarden.com/feedback/index.php?l=153356-130106220055&lang=en

 

 

For this WebQuest I would like to thank Franklin Pierce University and Professor Gilroy, for providing the opportunity to create this as part of the class and my portfolio.

 

I would like to give credit to the following websites for the information, videos, and activities on forces and roller coasters:

 

https://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/forces/

https://www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/glossary.html

http://www.explainthatstuff.com/rollercoasters.html

https://www.sixflags.com/newengland/attractions/typhoon

https://www.sixflags.com/newengland/attractions/typhoon

https://www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/bumpercars/collision1.htmlhttps://www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/bumpercars/collision1.html

http://dep.disney.go.com/sodi_app/

 

Author Biography

David
I am currently a junior at Franklin Pierce University. I am studying teacher education with a focus in math. I hope to one day be teaching in a middle school. From there I plan on continuing my education for a Master's Degree in administration. Teaching has always been a dream and passion of mine. Loving math I love the satisfaction of finding a solution and I love when I can help a child do the same. I can’t wait till one day when I can teach a middle school class of my own. Teaching this grade level I feel will not only be beneficial academically but socially. This is an interesting age for a child, one that has its challenges but is out weighed by the rewards.

Introduction

 

This WebQuest is designed for seven-eight grade students willing to explore the scientific topics of physical sciences. Students will be fully engaged in books, videos, and experiments. This Webquest is designed for students to be able to gain factual knowledge about forces. They will be able to take a journey through the simulation of a roller coaster and learn about all the variables that go into it. The students will have an opportunity to read about the different forces. The students will also have a great time applying their knowledge through experience by creating a roller coaster design of their own. This model will help make the concepts concrete for students and allow them to experience the lesson being taught.

 

Learners

 

This Webquest is intended for seven or eight grader students who are eager to learn and willing to explore. This Webquest would be great for a group of students in a Science class who are studying the scientific reasoning for the different forces.

 

Standards

 

Physical Science

S:PS3:8:1.1 Explain that the force of gravity gets stronger the  closer one gets to an object and decreases the further away one gets from it.

S:PS3:8:1.2 Recognize the general concepts related to gravitational force.

S:PS3:8:2.2 Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed; and illustrate how that motion can be measured and represented graphically.

S:PS3:8:2.1 Explain that an object in motion that is unaffected by a force will continue to move at a constant speed and in a

straight line.

 

Earth Space Sciences

S:ESS2:8:3.5 Explain how gravitational force affects objects in the Solar System

S:ESS2:8:3.2 Explain the effects of gravitational force on the planets and their moons.

 

Resources

 

For this WebQuest, you will need access to a computer (any kind- PC or Mac will do just fine) and/or individual computers for your class (if the project is to be completed in class). Your students will need access to a computer either at home or at school. It may be helpful to provide access to a computer at school for those students who do not have access to a computer at home. It is essential that you have Internet access in order to view and complete this WebQuest. You will need a version of Microsoft Word and/or Adobe Acrobat to access the journal entry worksheet. I highly recommend Microsoft Word as it is easier to use and more appropriate for fourth grade students. The journal entry is available in Microsoft Word or PDF. For the experiment, you may need to provide materials for students to complete the activity in class (outside of class time, of course) under certain circumstances.

 

The website used for the WebQuest can be found in credits.