Ancient river valley civilizations

Ancient River Civilizations

In prehistory, for thousands of years, humans lived in small groups, banding together to survive by gathering food, hunting and fishing. Then, in the 4th millennium BC, at around the same time, communities in the valleys of a few large rivers of Asia and Africa, widely separated from each other, took to growing crops systematically. Increased food production led to increase in population, rise of cites and government, and development of writing and art.

These ancient civilizations came up in four river valley systems:

  1. the Mesopotamian civilisation in the Tigris-Euphrates valley (c. 3300 BC - c. 2000 BC),
  2. the Egyptian civilisation in the Nile valley (c. 3200 BC - c. 1000 BC),
  3. the Harappan civilisation in the Indus valley (c. 3200 BC - c. 1300 BC), and
  4. the Yellow River (Chinese) civilisation in the Yellow River valley (c. 2000 BC - c. 200 BC).
Fig 1: Ancient River Valley Civilizations of the Old World. (Source: Walsh, Brief History of India, p. 8)


Directions: Synthesize information about multiple ancient river valley civilizations and create a first person narrative explaining why "your" civilization is the best. (You must include at least one quote to support your opinion)

Go here For each ancient river valley civilization (Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, Yellow River, and Nile analyze the following...

1-Impact of Geography

2-Social structure

3-Gender roles



When finished choose a ancient river valley civilization and explain in a first person narrative (use pronouns like I, we, our, us, mine) why your civilization is the best. You must have at least one quote to support your opinion.